Fall 2017 Faculty
Christophe is qualified as a barrister and solicitor in Canada and is admitted to the Paris Bar. He was educated in Canada, France and the UK. He is bilingual French-English and has represented clients in English, French and Spanish-language matters, in proceedings under both Common and Civil Law.
Christophe has advised and represented governments, international organisations and private clients on a wide range of contentious and non-contentious public international law and international dispute resolution issues, including investment disputes, responsibility of international organisations, drafting, negotiation and interpretation of international treaties, sources of public international law obligations, State responsibility for the acts and omissions of public authorities and domestic courts, jurisdictional issues, sovereign immunities, international intellectual property law, and international environmental law.
Christophe is one of the most experienced investment treaty counsel in the world. Prior to joining Volterra Fietta, as Senior Counsel in Canada's Trade Law Bureau, Christophe acted for nearly a decade as lead counsel to Canada in investor-State disputes under Chapter Eleven of the NAFTA. He repeatedly assumed responsibility for high-stakes, high-value international investment disputes raising novel issues of public international law. His work time and again led to positive outcomes and contributed to the development of international investment law.
Christophe is experienced at leading large teams of lawyers in the effective presentation of complex legal arguments and factual records. Christophe has deep knowledge of the workings of government and of the engagement of governments and non-State actors in the elaboration of rules of public international law.
Christophe was also counsel to Canada in the successful negotiation of the recently concluded Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). He was engaged in the elaboration of investment protection rules under the CETA, widely regarded as the next generation in international investment treaty drafting. In the CETA and other contexts he has also advised on a broad range of issues relating to the international trade in services. He has advised State parties on the negotiation of international trade and investment treaties around the world, including providing advice directly to the highest levels of government.
In addition to his public international law experience, Christophe has extensive experience in international commercial arbitration. After beginning his career in the litigation practice of Canada's leading corporate commercial firm, Christophe spent seven years practicing international arbitration in Paris, where he advised and represented public and private clients on a wide range of commercial and public international law disputes, under all leading institutional frameworks (UNCITRAL, ICSID, ICC, LCIA, etc.).
At the invitation of UNCTAD, Christophe has instructed South American government officials on international investment treaty obligations. He has been an invited expert on investment issues at the OECD. He was an advisor to the Permanent Court of Arbitration on the resolution of international art and cultural heritage disputes. He has advised UNICEF on obligations arising from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. He has repeatedly participated in training programs on international trade and investment obligations to counsel at Canada's Department of Justice.
Christophe is a member of the Advocate's Society, the Society of International Economic Law, and is a frequent speaker on international investment law issues, including at the Investment Treaty Forum of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, AIA Paris, the ICC, the Canadian Council on International Law and as an invited university lecturer.
National University of Singapore
Born in the United States, he graduated
with a JD from the New York University School of Law in 1992. He was in-country
program director for NYU Law's China Law Program from 1994 to 1997 in Beijing,
where he was also a visiting professor at the Beijing University School of Law.
From 1997 through 2000, he was a Senior Research Fellow at the Columbia Law
School's Center for Chinese Legal Studies. He was appointed Himalayas
Foundation Distinguished Visiting Professor in Comparative Constitutional Law
at Qinghua University Law School in 2002;Fellow in Public Law at the
Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet) of the Australian National University
in 2003;and held the Chair in Globalization and Governance at Sciences Po in
Paris in 2008. Since 2008, he has been on the faculty of NUS.
His research interests are in comparative public law - in particular public law and constitutionalism as it manifests outside of the countries of the North Atlantic - and in 'regulatory geography', which explores (largely from a systems theory perspective) how different kinds of geographies - e.g., economic geographies, cultural geographies, epistemic geographies and political geographies - effect regulatory capacity and functionality. On-going projects include a monograph on regulatory geography;an edited volume (with Chantal Mak of the University of Amsterdam) on the public-law dimensions of contract law;and a textbook to be entitled Transnational Law: Texts and Materials (also with Chantal Mak and Mariana Prado of the University of Toronto Law Faculty).
1. Constitutionalism Beyond Liberalism (lead editor, with Michael Wilkinson). Cambridge University Press, 2016.
2. Asian Capitalism and the Regulation of Competition: Towards a Regulatory Geography of Global Competition Law (lead editor, with Imelda Maher and John Gillespie). Cambridge University Press, 2013.
3. Building Constitutionalism in China (lead editor, with Stéphanie Balme). Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
4. Public Accountability: Designs, Dilemmas and Experiences (sole editor). Cambridge University Press, 2006.
5. "On the Public-law Character of Competition Law: A Lesson of Asian Capitalism." Fordham International Law Journal. Vol. 38 (2015): 300-385.
6. "Constitutional Listening." Chicago Kent Law Review. Vol. 88 (2012): 115-156.
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Miriam Gur Ayre is a professor at the law Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Her fields of interest include: Criminal Law: Justifications of Punishment, Theoretical Foundation of Criminal Liability, Criminal Law Defenses, Constitutional Restraints on Criminal Liability, Human Dignity and the Criminal law, The Overuse of the Criminal Law in Time of Crisis.
Education and Academic Appointments
LL.B. Faculty of Law, Hebrew University (first in class) 1975
D. Jur. Faculty of Law, Hebrew University (summa cum laude) 1981
Full Professor 2003
Service at Other Academic Institutions
Visiting Fellow, University College, Oxford, England 1984-1985
Visiting Scholar, University of California Berkeley, USA 2001-2003
Grants and Prizes
The Israeli Academy of Sciences and Humanities 1989-1992
Rabin center for Israeli Research 2001-2003
GIF –German Israeli Foundation 2006-2009
Sussman's Prize for best legal publication of the year 1985
The Israeli bar's prize for special academic achievements 2005
Actio Libera in Causa in Criminal Law, (Harry Sacher Institute, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 1984) 103 pp. (in English)
Conflict of Laws at the Criminal Law: Duress under International Criminal Law as a Test-Case, Essays on Law in Honour of Levontin, 477-498 (2013) (in Hebrew)
"Human Dignity of Offenders: a Limitation on Substantive Criminal Law" Journal of Criminal Law and Philosophy (2012)
Constitutional Control of Criminal Prohibitions Affecting Human Dignity or Liberty: German and Israeli Perspectives" (together with Thomas Weigend) 44 Isr. L. Rev. 2011, 63-90, (2011)
"The Protection of Human Dignity in Interrogations - Reflections in Light of Recent German and Israeli Experiences" (together with Florian Jessberger), 44 Isr. L. Rev. 229-262 (2011)
"Justifying the Distinction between Justifications and Excuses" 5 Journal of Criminal Law and Philosophy, 293-313 (2011)
Link for more publications -
University of Torino
Lorenza Mola is Associate Professor of International Law at the University of Turin, where she also teaches EU Law. She is the coordinator of the public international economic law issues taught at the Master of Laws in International Trade Law (ITCILO-UniTo-IUSE-UNCITRAL). She holds a PhD in International Economic Law from "Bocconi" University (I) and a D.E.S. from the Université Libre de Bruxelles (B). She was a Visiting fellow at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law in 2006. She worked on WTO and investment issues at the Italian Mission to International Organizations in Geneva, at the DG Trade of the European Commission and for the Italian Development Cooperation in Vietnam. Her current main research interests are in international investment law, the international protection of economic and social rights, and the law of EU external relations. She has published a book and several articles in Italian and international edited books and scientific reviews.
Lorenza is a member of the Business & Law Group of the Law Schools Global League, the Academic Network on the European Social Charter and Social Rights, and the Italian Branch of the International Law Association.
National security and international investment law (in Italian), Giappichelli, Torino, 2010
Governance of financial crises: a role for the international protection of economic and social rights?, in P. Pazartzis, M. Gavouneli (eds.) with A. Gougourinis and M. Papadaki, Reconceptualising the Rule of Law in Global Governance, Resources, Investment and Trade, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2016, 105-120
with Attila Tanzi, Breaches of State Contracts in the Interpretation and Application of International Investment Law in the Arbitration Case Law Involving Latin American Countries, in A. Tanzi et al. (eds), International Investment Law in Latin America. Problems and Prospects / Derecho Internacional de las Inversiones en América Latina. Problemas y Perspectivas, Nijhoff International Investment Law Series, Brill Nijhoff, 2016, 303-340
International Investment Arbitration and Serious Economic Crises: Lessons Learned in the Argentinean Crisis of 2000-2001, ibid., 370-399
Editor (with Joerg Luther), Europe's Social Rights Under the 'Turin Process' / Les droits sociaux de l'Europe sous le "processus de Turin", Editoriale Scientifica, 2016
The margin of appreciation accorded to States in times of economic crisis : An analysis of the decisions by the European Committee of Social Rights and by the European Court of Human Rights on national austerity measures, in Lex Social, 5:1, 2015, 174-194
University of Toronto
Mariana Mota Prado obtained her law degree (LLB) from the University of Sao Paulo (2000), and her master's (LLM) and Doctorate from Yale Law School (2002 and 2008). She is currently an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto and Associate Dean (Graduate Studies). Prior to joining the University of Toronto in 2006, she worked for the Private Participation in Infrastructure Database Project at the World Bank (2004), and was a fellow of the Olin Center for Law, Economics and Public Policy at Yale Law School (2005). During the 2012-2013 academic year, she was a visiting researcher at MIT's Political Science Department. A Brazilian national, she has taught courses at Centre for Transnational Legal Studies in London, Direito Rio - Getulio Vargas Foundation Law School in Brazil, ITAM Law School in Mexico, Los Andes Law School in Colombia, and University of Puerto Rico School of Law. Her scholarship focuses on law and development, regulated industries, and comparative law. She has a number of research projects related to institutional reforms in Brazil.
Advanced Introduction to Law and Development (co-authored with Michael Trebilcock), Edward Elgar (2014).
Law Journal Articles
“The Brazilian Clean Company Act: Using Institutional Multiplicity for Effective Punishment” (with Lindsey Carson and Izabela Correa), Osgoode Hall Law Journal, Vol. 53(1), 2016.
“Brazilian Anti-Corruption Legislation and its Enforcement: Potential Lessons for Institutional Design” (with Lindsey Carson), Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics, Vol. 4(1) (2016), pp. 34–71. (available on SSRN)
“Regulatory Cooperation in Latin America: the Case of Mercosur” (with Vladimir Bertrand), Law and Contemporary Problems, Special Issue on Regulatory Cooperation, v. 78 (2015), pp. 205-230.
“Policing Following Political Transitions: A Comparison of the Former Soviet Union, Latin America, and China”, (with Matthew Light and Yuhua Wang), Theoretical Criminology, Special Issue on the former Soviet Union Region,vol. 19 (2) (May 2015), pp. 216-238.
“Process and Pattern in Institutional Reforms: The Police Pacifying Units in Brazil as an Institutional Bypass” (with Graham Denyer Willis), World Development, Vol. 64 (December 2014), pp. 232–242.
Bucerius Law School
Hans-Bernd Schäfer is a German economist and a pioneer in the field of law and economics in Germany and Europe.
Schäfer is professor emeritus at the University of Hamburg and former director of the Institute of Law & Economics. Currently he is an affiliate professor at Bucerius Law School in Hamburg, Germany. He has been visiting professor at various universities abroad, including the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, Tel Aviv University faculty of law, George Mason University School of Law (distinguished visiting professor from 2002–2009), and the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research. He was a visiting scholar at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law.
Schäfer served as President of the European Association of Law & Economics from 2004–2007 and was Director of the European Master Programme in Law & Economics from 2004–2008.
In 2012 the faculty of law of the Universidad de San Martín de Porres in Lima awarded him the title of an honorary professor, whilst in 2013 he was awarded the scholar prize of the European Association of Law and Economics. The Latin American and Iberian Law and Economics Association awarded him the scholar prize in 2016. He was appointed to an honorary membership of the Polish Law and Economics Association in 2013 and of the German Law and Economics Association in the year 2016.
University of Fribourg
Av. de Beauregard 13
Walter Stoffel studied law at the University of Fribourg and Yale Law School. He wrote his dissertation on "Equal treatment Clauses of Foreigners and Nationals in Friendship Commerce and Navigation Treaties Concluded by Switzerland". In 1981 he took his bar exam and joined the law firm of Henrici, Weber und Wicki in Zurich.
In 1986 he completed his post-doctoral work at the University of Fribourg and received a professorship in the law faculty. Walter Stoffel has also taught at various other universities including the Université de Paris II, McGill University in Montreal, Deakin University in Melbourne and the University of Turin. From 1981 to 1987 Walter Stoffel served as vice-director of the Swiss Institute of Comparative Law in Lausanne and from 1994 to 2000 he was scientific director of the International Association of Legal Science.
Walter Stoffel is a member of the Competition Commission in the Swiss Federal Department of Economic Affairs and was president of the Swiss Competition Commission (January 1st 2003 through June 30th 2010). He is also a member of the Swiss Society for International Law and works on the editorial board of the Swiss Business Law Bulletin. He is Chief representative of Switzerland at the Competition Committee of the OECD as well as in other international organizations and institutions in the field of competition law. He also participated as a reporter or speaker in national and international legal conferences and symposiums in the fields of competition and company law, of international commercial and procedural law as well as comparative law.
Walter Stoffel has been a member of the Swiss Science and Technology Council since 2003. He was born on 12 December 1949. He is married and the father of three children.
- The manuals and commentaries include a presentation of the Law of the Stock Company (Grundriss des Aktienrechts, 3 rd ed., Zurich 2011, co-authored with R. von Büren, University of Bern and R. Weber, University of Zurich), Debt Enforcement and Bankruptcy (Voies d'exécution, 2 nd ed., Berne 2010), a treatise co-authored with I. Chabloz (in the second edition), a manual on the Law of Competition ( Kartellrecht [Weber, Stoffel, Zäch, Ducrey, Tercier, Richli, Zurkinden, Dähler], Basel/Geneva/MÃ¼nich 2000).
- Most of the articles, written in French or in German, or in English, deal with the Law of Corporations and the Law of Competition as well as International Law, particularly International Law of Contracts and Corporations.
articles in English include
Law, Control and Delegation (Mélanges Marco Borghi, Bern 2011);
Swiss Competition Law:
Where from and where to? (Mélanges Pierre Tercier, Zurich 2008, pp. 677-690);
Mergers in Small Economies, (International Antitrust Law & Policy, Annual Proceedings of the Fordham Competition Law Institute 2007, pp. 319-334);
"Extra-Territoriality" of Competition Law, (Liber Amicorum Luzius Wildhaber, Zurich 2007, pp. 1563-1577);
Corporate Autonomy and Market Regulations (Essays in Honour of A.T. von Mehren, Ardsley, New York 2002, pp. 399);
Enlightened Decision Making, 75 Tulane L.R. 1195 
(for the Spring 2018 profile, please click here)
600 New Jersey Avenue N.W.
After graduating from law school, where he was Articles and Book Reviews Editor of the Columbia Law Review, Professor Vazquez served as a law clerk to the Honorable Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He then practiced law with Covington and Burling in Washington, DC, before joining the law school faculty as a visiting professor of law in 1990, and then as an associate professor in 1991. From 2000 to 2003, he was the United States member of the Inter-American Juridical Committee, the organ of the Organization of American States responsible for juridical matters and for promoting the progressive development and codification of international law in the Americas. Professor Vazquez has written and taught primarily in the areas of international law, constitutional law, and federal courts.
Forthcoming Works and Works in Progress
- Carlos M. Vázquez &Stephen I. Vladeck, The Constitutional Right to Collateral Post-Conviction Review, 103 Va. L. Rev. (forthcoming). [SSRN]
- Carlos M. Vázquez, Habeas as Forum Allocation: A New Synthesis, (working paper). [SSRN] [Gtown Law]
- Carlos M. Vázquez, Out-Beale-Ing Beale, (working paper). [SSRN] [Gtown Law]
Contributions to Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals
- Carlos M. Vázquez, Four Problems with the Draft Restatement's Treatment of Treaty Self-Execution, 2015 BYU L. Rev. 1747-1799. [W] [SSRN] [Gtown Law]
M. Vázquez &Catherine Powell, Introduction
to Symposium on the International Legal Obligation to Criminalize Marital
Rape, 109 Am. J. Int'l L. (Unbound) 187-188